32 international football words and phrases to learn for the World Cup
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With the World Cup around the corner, it's time to get a grasp of each competing nations' football talk with a word or phrase from the 32 countries who will travel to Russia this summer, thanks to Tom Williams and his book 'Do you Speak Football?'
Argentina - pecho frío
The phrase refers to those cold-chested players who go missing at the big moments or when the going gets tough. Not a player you would want beside you in the trenches.
Australia - shoot farken
F***ing shoot! The words were swapped around by immigrants from southern Europe who came to Australia. They picked up the nuances of profanity quickly but didn't quite grasp sentence structure. It is now a popular phrase in the country as a whole.
Belgium - buffelstoot
Ball comes into the box, Maroaune Fellaini rises and thwacks a header past the goalkeeper. The 'buffalo push' is a towering header.
Brazil - ficar sem pai nem mãe
Quite a morbid expression, suggesting a player is left without a mother or a father. Yet, that's what happens when a player is roundly beaten by his opponent, namely a full-back being run ragged by a winger.
Colombia - bartolo
The defensive clogger who unashamedly takes no risks and is happy to get rid of the ball by thumping it up the field with little or no grace.
Costa Rica - milpa
If Sir Alex Ferguson was Costa Rican he would have said that Filippo Inzaghi was born in a milpa or cornfield. It traces back to the 1940s when the Estadio Nacional was unfinished with no stand behind one of the goals. Instead the space was used to grow radishes, tomatoes and corn.
Croatia - djelitelj pravde
In almost every football playing country in the world referees are referred to in derogative terms. In Croatia, however, they sound like superheroes, djelitelj pravde translating to dispenser of justice. It is a fitting description of Mike Dean who will unfortunately not be at the World Cup.
Denmark - kattepote
The Laudrup brothers, Brian and Michael, Preben Elkjær Larsen and Jan Molby could be said to have possessed a cat's paw. Christian Eriksen is the latest Dane to have that delicate touch.
Egypt - kora sharab
It is the game played on the streets, in the alley, in schools where Egyptian players hone their skills. It means socks ball and players are required to produce trickery and skill.
England - bouncebackability
Coined by Iain Dowie, the word, which means the capacity to recover quickly from a setback, made it's way into the Oxford Dictionary. England will likely need to show just that this summer, more so than they did against Iceland.
France - sortie kamikaze
This phrase holds particular relevance in France. After all it was France's Patrick Battiston who was assaulted by German goalkeeper on Toni Schumacher in the 1982 World Cup semi-final when the latter exited his goal. Battiston was left unconscious with broken ribs and teeth knocked out.
Germany - angstgegner
For Germany it is Italy. For England it is Germany. For Scotland it is everyone. The bogey team you just don't want to face.
Iceland - klobbi
Every country has their own word for a nutmeg. Iceland's translates to crotching. Ouch.
Iran - grassrolling
This doesn't simply refer to just the diving but the aftermath where the players writhes on the ground. The English spelling is due to the word coming from online message boards.
Japan - mukan no teiō
The uncrowned emperor is the talented player who has never won a trophy. Think Matt Le Tissier.
Mexico - La Ola
Since 1986 it has become a staple of World Cup tournaments, the infamous Mexican Wave. In Mexico it is simply known as La Ola.
Morocco - khawya f amra
At the World Cup Morocco will come up against Portugal and Cristiano Ronaldo's double-stepover. In Morocco it is known as one empty, one full.
Nigeria - Dundee United
That's not a typo. In parts of the country Dundee United is a synonym for 'idiot', owing to the club's tour of Nigeria in 1972 which was a disaster on and off the field.
Panama - quechón
The quechón is the striker who waits for the ball to come to him like the catcher in baseball.
Peru - amarrabola
The Peruvians have a more romantic notion of a ball-hog. Rather than castigate players for their greed, they are known as ball lovers.
Poland - grecque
In Britain it is known as the Poznan, when fans turn their back on the action and jump up and down in unison. It was brought to these shores by Lech Poznan who played Manchester City in European competition. In its homeland it is known as the grecque.
Portugal - brinca na areia
Those players who 'play in the sand' are said to have great skill but no end product.
Russia - gorísh
If fans travelling to Russia find themselves in a match with locals, gorish is a great word to know. Translated it means 'you're burning', it is a warning that you are being closed down by an opponent.
Saudi Arabia - yaseed hamaam
In Saudi Arabia, if you send a shot sailing over the bar you are seen to be hunting for pigeons.
Senegal - butou taate
The buttocks goal is when a goalkeeper allows a shot to go through his legs.
Serbia - Zmaj
Zmaj is a mythical Slavic dragon and in Serbian football parlance it is reserved for speedsters, whether it be a winger, a forward or full-back.
South Korea - jeonseol-eh pocketmon
Talented but injured players are labelled legendary Pokémon. Skilled but hard to find.
Spain - cagómetro
The crapping-yourself-ometer comes into effect when teams begin feeling the pressure. Not too dissimilar to 'squeaky-bum-time'.
Sweden - blåbärslag
A blueberry team is one which is either inexperienced or incompetent. Or both. There will be plenty of opportunity to use the term this summer.
Switzerland - uuschügele
When a team uuschügeles, out-marbles, an opponent it means they have cut through them with a quick and incisive passing move.
Tunisia - jbed bih
"JBED BIH!" It has to be said in an excitable manner. It's the Tunisian equivalent of 'he's done him!'
Uruguay - garra charrúa
The charrúa claw is the grit and fighting spirit which the Uruguayans are known for and helped them to two World Cup wins and 15 Copa America victories.